About the Conference


How it all started

In 2014, the global threat of Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) on the effective treatment of an ever-increasing range of infections caused by bacteria, parasites, viruses and fungi became paramount. The risks AMR poses to public health and the treatment of patients affects numerous countries and multiple sectors. Accordingly, governments around to globe began to pay attention to the problem and its possible solutions.


The First Ministerial Conference on AMR – 2014

In response to these developments, the government of the Netherlands, on the request of and in cooperation with the World Health Organization (WHO), initiated the first Ministerial Conference on AMR. 

The overall objective of the Ministerial Conference was to accelerate political commitment and generate contributions to the realization of the Global Action Plan on AMR. Guided by a clear focus on human and animal health in relation to the use of antibiotics, Ministers and participants discussed global actions needed to prevent the emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance, to induce more prudent and restricted use of antibiotics, to enhance international cooperation and to define specific national actions.


Global Action Plan

During the 2014, World Health Assembly a resolution was adopted to realize a Global Action Plan (GAP) to combat antimicrobial resistance. The GAP was endorsed at the Sixty-eighth World Health Assembly in May 2015.

The Global Action Plan contains five objectives:

  • Objective 1: Improve awareness and understanding of antimicrobial resistance through effective communication, education and training.
  • Objective 2: Strengthen the knowledge and evidence base through surveillance and research.
  • Objective 3: Reduce the incidence of infection through effective sanitation, hygiene and infection prevention measures.
  • Objective 4: Optimize the use of antimicrobial medicines in human and animal health.
  • Objective 5: Develop the economic case for sustainable investment that takes account of the needs of all countries, and increase investment in new medicines, diagnostic tools, vaccines and other interventions.

Together these objectives form the basis for the national and international implementation of AMR measures.

Outcome of the 2014 AMR Conference

During the 2014 AMR Conference, the parameters of the Global Action Plan were crystallized. The need for cross-sectoral international, national and regional collaboration became apparent. It was agreed upon that the health, veterinary, agricultural and environmental sectors in connection with national governments and international organizations, should work towards communal objectives and measures.

In particular to enable all countries, especially developing countries, to strengthen their capacities and to achieve better control of antimicrobial use and resistance at all levels. The desire for sharing (surveillance) data and national actions on the global level was also expressed repeatedly during the conference. As a result, several nations initiated AMR related conferences in their particular region to raise awareness and further encourage global cooperation. 


The Second Ministerial Conference on AMR - 2019

In June 2019, it will be five years since the initial 2014 Ministerial conference and four years after the adoption of the Global Action Plan on AMR (GAP). Therefore, it is time for a Second AMR Conference to reflect on the progress of the global implementation of the GAP; the work of the Tripartite (WHO, FAO, OIE) to support its implementation; and the requirements needed to accelerate multi-sectoral collaboration in the upcoming years.

While the 2014 AMR Conference mainly revolved around raising awareness for the threat of AMR and developing initiatives on how to address this threat, the 2019 Conference strives to intensify international cooperation and the exchange of best practices in implementing national action plans.


One Health Approach

Today’s treatments for infectious diseases must remain available to future generations. This requires a One Health approach that systematically addresses AMR’s key issues on a global scale; supports responsible use and stewardship; and outlines universally agreed priorities and mechanisms. 


Antimicrobial Resistance MultiPartner Trust Fund (AMR MPTF)

Another facet of the One Health Approach is securing financing. Capitalizing on combined technical strengths and global convening power, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), and the World Health Organization (WHO) - the Tripartite – will establish a MultiPartner Trust Fund (MPTF) in close collaboration with UN Environment. This Fund calls for resources for a five-year period to counter the global threat of AMR in support of achieving the SDGs. Funds will support critical work at country, regional and global levels to deliver the AMR Global Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance (GAP) and the Tripartite work plan, prioritizing the resourcing and implementation of AMR National Action Plans (NAPs). During the Conference, we will elaborate on the objectives and structure of the MultiPartner Trust Fund.